Tech

On this page you will find Techical information for the 60 Series Landcruiser. 

Engine Tech, dimensions etc can be found in sales brochures and magazine reviews.

Diffs 

 

All Australian 60 Series Landcruisers came with full floating axles with a ratio of 4.11

There is an axle code located on the VIN plate. This will be one of;

K082, K083, K084 or K085

K= 9.5" diff

08 = 4.11 diff ratio (37/9)

2 = Open diff, 2 spider gears

3 = Limited slip diff, 2 spider gears

4 = Cable locked diff

5 = Limited slip diff, 4 spider gears

Gearbox and Transfer Case 

 

Gearbox options on Australian 60 Series Landcruisers; H41 4 Speed Manual, H55f 5 Speed Manual and A440F 4 Speed Automatic. 

All models had the split transfer case. The transfer case was manually (lever) operated until 1985 and vacuum operated thereafter.

H41 Gear Ratios

1st - 4.843:1

2nd - 2.619:1

3rd - 1.516:1

4th - 1:1

Rev - 4.843:1

H55F Gear Ratios

1st - 4.843:1

2nd - 2.619:1

3rd - 1.516:1

4th - 1:1

5th - 0.845:1

Rev - 4.843:1

A440F Gear Ratios 

1st - 2.95:1

2nd - 1.53:1

3rd - 1:1

4th - 0.717:1

Rev - 2.67:1

2 Piece 'Split' Transfer Case

Low Range: 1.959:1

Automatic models from 1987 had a ratio of 2.29:1

Shock Absorbers 

 

All Australian 60 Series Landcruisers up to 10/1985 had 16mm pins on the rear shocks. At this time the shocks changed to 19mm pins. Front shocks are the same all through production.

Glow Plugs 

 

Australian 60 Series Landcruisers came with three different glow plugs depending on the date of manuacture.

 

10/1980 to 10/1982 - 10.5V

10/1982 to 08/1988 - 6V (Superglow System)
08/1988 to 01/1990 12V 

2H Engines 

 

The 2H engine was updated in 1985. The updated engine was lighter, from 341kg to 330kg and the compression ratio changed from 19.7 to 20.7. The front engine mounts were also changed to achieve noise reduction.

Towing Rating Capacity 

Unbraked = 750kg

Braked = 1500kg or 2500kg (or 3400kg?)

The tow rating/capacities of the various 60 series models across the years is confusing, due mostly to the fact that towing ratings were not supplied by vehicle manufacturers nor really cared about in the early to mid 1980's. Even then towing ratings didn't appear to be a large concern.

Early years

Up until mid 1985 there was no specified towing rating given to the 60 series. A factory option at the time was a 2000kg rated tow bar, so clearly Toyota deemed that the 60 Series Cruisers were capable of towing at least this weight. The picture here is from the 1983 Toyota Landcruiser Accessories brochure.

Mid 1985 - 1987 1500kg

In mid 1985 it became a requirement for vehicle manufacturers to supply a tow rating to vehicles. Toyota seemed to take an overly cautious approach to this as they specified the towing rating for the 60 Series to be 1500kg. The picture below is from a 1986 Landcruiser brochure.

1987 On 2500kg

From 1987 on the towing rating of the 60 series was specified by Toyota to be 2500kg. This is the most widely accepted tow rating of the 60 series across the board. It would appear to be backed up by the fact that the current tow bar made by Hayman Reese, the largest towbar manufacturer in Australia, is rated at 2500kg. The image below is from the 1989 Landcruiser GXL brochure. 

3400kg? Hayman Reese also made a 3400kg tow bar for the 60 series however it is no longer available. Some states specify that if the vehicle manufacturer does not specify a tow rating then that tow rating shall be 1.5 times the unladed mass (tare) of the vehicle. Given that 60 series models tare weight varied between 1900 - 2200kg this would imply a tow rating of between 2850kg and 3300kg depending on the exact model/variant. This would be dependant on the tow bar being rated at that amount as well. Seek advice from your states transport authority for more info.

Cruiser World supplies new and used Landcruiser parts all over the world. Click on the picture and check out their website.

© 2017 By TOA.  Last updated 04/02/2018

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